Fergal Cunningham

Focus on Switzerland - RIPE NCC Statistics and Data

Fergal Cunningham
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In this article, we take a look at what the RIPE NCC's data shows us about Switzerland. Nestled among some of the bigger countries in the RIPE NCC service region, it also gives us a chance to see how the Swiss compare with their neighbours.

This week, the RIPE NCC is hosting a member lunch in Zurich as well as attending and presenting at the Swiss Network Operators Group (SwiNOG) meeting in Berne. So what better time to take a look at a country which is performing admirably in terms of IPv6 deployment and shows a good example of building groups and communities that benefit the Internet locally. We also use the four largest countries situated around Switzerland to give some comparison points on how it is doing. You'll note from the table below that the number of LIRs active in Switzerland (542) is very high for a country of its size and population.

In the table below, you can see geographic and demographic information for the countries we look at. Figures for area and population are from Wikipedia.

Country Population Area (km2) LIRs
Switzerland 8,417,700 41,284 542
Germany 82,800,000 357,114 1,590
Austria 8,783,198 83,871 296
France 67,032,000 640,679 954
Italy 60,599,936 301,336 882

Please note that this article, unless otherwise noted, shows a snapshot of the situation as seen on 22 May 2017. However, in most cases we also provide a link to the most up-to-date information.

Countries at a Glance

Country Switzerland Germany Austria France Italy
Number of ASNs assigned 822 2,187 577 1,291 966
Number of Local Internet Registries 542 1,590 296 954 882
Number of IPv4 allocations 935 3,417 649 1,709 1,760
Number of IPv4 assignments 688 2,133 563 975 293
Number of IPv4 addresses allocated 9,744,128 80,680,448 8,669,184 67,083,008 43,507,200
Number of /22s allocated from the last /8 409 1,231 239 777 674
Number of IPv6 allocations 463 1,367 264 809 633
Size of IPv6 allocations (/32s) 2,261 16,500 1,157 11,764 7,358
Number of IPv6 assignments 124 360 125 86 16
RPKI with route object authorisation (ROAs) 100 233 60 173 119


Membership Growth

In Figure 1, you can see the growth of the number of Local Internet Registries (LIRs) in Switzerland, Germany, Austria, France and Italy. As of 29 May 2017, there are 542 LIRs registered in Switzerland.

Figure 1: Number of LIRs in Switzerland, Germany, Austria, France and Italy

For comparison, Figure 2 shows the growth in the number of all LIRs registered with the RIPE NCC since 2008. There are currently over 15,700 LIRs registered with the RIPE NCC. Note that the numbers for 2017 only contain data up to 29 May.

Figure 2: Number of all LIRs in the RIPE NCC service region from 2008 - 2017

The next figure shows the age of the LIRs in Switzerland. You can see that 145 LIRs have joined the RIPE NCC in  the past two years, while the next biggest grouping of Swiss LIRs is those who are ten years or older. This is reflectiove of the overall trend in the RIPE NCC service region, which you can see below in Figure 3b.

Figure 3: Age of LIRs in Switzerland


Figure 3b: Age of all LIRs in RIPE NCC service region

IPv6 Deployment in Switzerland

IPv6 RIPEness is a rating system that awards stars to LIRs in the RIPE NCC service region depending on indicators of IPv6 preparedness. Stars are awarded for:

  • Having an IPv6 allocation or assignment from the RIPE NCC
  • Making the IPv6 prefix visibility in the Routing Information Service (RIS)
  • Having a route6 object registered in the RIPE Database
  • Having reverse DNS delegation set up for the IPv6 allocation

Figure 62% of Swiss LIRs have done something with their IPv6 allocation. Only 19% don't have an IPv6 allocation yet.

You can also see from APNIC's IPv6 Capability Metrics that Switzerland is the third highest ranking country in terms of IPv6 capability, behind only Belgium and Germany.

Figure 4: IPv6 RIPEness in Switzerland


In Figure 5, you can see the situation for all LIRs in the RIPE NCC service region. 75% of all LIRs have an IPv6 allocation, and around 46% have started using it one way or another (by meeting one of the criteria listed above).

Figure 5: IPv6 RIPEness for all LIRs


In Figure 6, we show the percentage of ASes announcing one or more IPv6 prefixes in Switzerland and the countries we compare it with - you can see that Switzerland is well above the average. You can find the current status of these countries using the IPv6 Enabled Networks tool. This tool also allows you to search for other countries or regions worldwide.

Figure 6: ASes announcing one or more IPv6 prefixes in Switzerland, Germany, Austria, France and Italy


Country Routing Statistics

Figure 7 visualises the development of the IPv4 and IPv6 prefixes and ASes in Switzerland over time.

Figure 7: RIPEstat country routing statistics in Switzerland

You will notice that the number of IPv4 prefixes and the number of ASNs in this widget are not consistent with the number shown in the table above. The table shows those allocations and assignments made by the RIPE NCC to organisations registered in Switzerland. The RIPEstat widget on the other hand shows what's actually happening in the real world: The 935 IPv4 allocations made by the RIPE NCC have been de-aggregated into 2,753 individual prefixes that are announced by 568 ASes (instead of the 822 ASes assigned by the RIPE NCC to organisations in Switzerland).

You can see the current status in the RIPEstat country routing widget. You can also use that widget to compare multiple countries.

RIPE Atlas

RIPE Atlas is a global network of probes that measure Internet connectivity and reachability, providing an unprecedented understanding of the state of the Internet in real time. The more probes that are distributed and connected worldwide, the more useful data can be collected that can then be used by network operators and researchers to analyse the state of the Internet.

The embedded RIPEstat widget below shows the number of RIPE Atlas probes in the region. Green dots indicate connected probes, yellow dots show disconnected probes and red dots indicate those that are abandoned (i.e., not connected for more than three months).

If you have a RIPE Atlas probe, please double-check it is connected properly so that the community can benefit from the data it produces

RIPEstat widget will be rendered here

Figure 8 shows the actual number of RIPE Atlas probes in Switzerland and the other four countries we compare it with.

 Figure 8: Number of RIPE Atlas probes in Switzerland, Germany, Austria, France and Italy


Participation at the General Meeting

The RIPE NCC General Meeting (GM) took place in Budapest from 10-12 May. This is the forum where, twice a year, RIPE NCC members can register to have their say on how the RIPE NCC operates.

At the recent GM, members elected three members of the RIPE NCC Executive Board and approved the RIPE NCC Charging Scheme 2018.

Almost 1,400 members registered for the GM. Of these, 43 members from Switzerland registered to participate. Figure 9 shows the registration numbers for Switzerland since electronic participation became available in 2014.

Local Networking Communities

SwiNOG has been holding its meetings for the Swiss network operators community since 2000, and this week it holds its 31st meeting in Berne. Massimiliano Stucchi of the RIPE NCC will present at SwiNOG on all the analytical tools, such as the recent TraceMON, that are available to help LIRs with their operations.

The Swiss IPv6 Council also does a lot of work in Switzerland to support and promote the use and integration of IPv6 in all networks, public and private, consolidating single-source knowledge, support and various activities.

Finally, the twelfth annual meeting of the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) will be held in Geneva from 18 to 21 December 2017.


In terms of membership development, Switzerland is very advanced with over 500 LIRs offering services. Approximately a quarter of those LIRs have joined the RIPE NCC in the past two years. Switzerland is also a leader in terms of IPv6 deployment and IPv6 capability. A vibrant local community that meets regularly, and the presence of a dedicated IPv6 Council, is something that can only contribute postively to Internet development in Switzerland.



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Head of Membership Engagement at the RIPE NCC

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