Suzanne Taylor

RIPE NCC Internet Country Report: Bulgaria, Moldova and Romania

Suzanne Taylor
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We take a comprehensive look at three different countries in southeastern Europe as the next in our series of RIPE NCC Internet Country Reports.


RIPE NCC Internet Country Report: Bulgaria, Moldova and Romania RIPE_NCC_Internet_Country_Report_Bulgaria_Moldova_Romania_May_2022_zpa3pqG.pdf – 2.3 MB
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Our latest report details the Internet landscape in Bulgaria, Moldova and Romania, giving an overview of the current level of development and capacity for future growth. We examine the countries' major market players, Internet number resource holdings and transfers, IPv6 readiness, the relationship between different networks in the countries, their international connectivity to the global Internet, access to K-root, traffic paths and routing security.

Traffic paths between origins and destinations within the three countries

The report's key findings include:

  • All three countries display a healthy level of market competition and enjoy some of the lowest Internet access prices and fastest speeds in Europe. Romania has been exceptionally active on the IPv4 secondary market, as the biggest exporter of IPv4 addresses in the RIPE NCC service region
  • Despite holding large amounts of IPv6, Bulgaria and Moldova show very low IPv6 capability rates, and all three countries require further IPv6 deployment to accommodate future growth
  • Routing appears to be quite well optimised in the region, although local Internet exchange points don’t appear to be heavily used
  • There is a reasonably high level of interconnectivity between the networks in each country
  • For the most part, the countries benefit from a diverse array of upstream providers connecting them to the rest of the global Internet, although a few providers in Moldova and Romania are highly dependent on just one or two sources for their international transit
Romania's international connectivity, showing the country's upstream providers

This is the ninth Internet country report that the RIPE NCC has produced in an ongoing effort to support Internet development throughout our service region by making our data and insights available to local technical communities and decision makers. We hope they are used to inform discussion, provide technical insight and facilitate the exchange of information and best practices.

The full report, along with all of the previous Internet country reports, is available here.

Data Sources

We want to highlight the fact that these Internet country reports are largely based on publicly available data. We hope they give you an idea about the kind of data and analysis that's possible using RIPE NCC tools and services. If this report inspires you to learn more about those tools and maybe even explore what you can do with the data yourself, check out the following:

Let us know if you have any questions about the data contained in the report, the measurements tools we used, our analyses, or anything else!

Future Reports

We plan to continue producing these Internet country reports for countries and regions throughout the RIPE NCC's service region of Europe, the Middle East and parts of Central Asia - and we want to hear from you about what would be most interesting and valuable. Please share your ideas with us below and let us know what you would like to see! 

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About the author

Suzanne Taylor is a Public Policy & Internet Governance Consultant. In her work with the RIPE NCC, she engages with a broad range of Internet stakeholders including the RIPE NCC membership, governments, law enforcement and intergovernmental organisations. From 2012 to 2016, she worked in communications at the RIPE NCC and has previously worked as a journalist and in media relations and science communications.

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