About the author
Axel Pawlik was the Managing Director of the RIPE Network Coordination Centre (RIPE NCC). He served in this position from 1999 to 2019, overseeing the RIPE NCC’s growth to an organisation of more than 10,000
members, including Internet Service Providers, enterprise organisations, academic institutions and others.
Axel graduated from the University of Dortmund, Germany, with a Masters Degree in Computer Science. He was later employed at the University of Dortmund from 1985 to 1992, where he contributed to the
establishment of UNIX networking as a publicly available service in Germany.
Understanding the demand for a commercial operation to provide Internet services, Axel founded EUnet Deutschland GmbH in 1992 and commercialised the operation. Under his leadership, EUnet Deutschland GmbH became the market leader in Germany and one of the strongest EUnet networks in Europe.