Kaveh Ranjbar

Our Approach to the Cloud

Kaveh Ranjbar
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We have plans to move some of our technical infrastructure to the cloud in order to achieve greater agility in our technical setup. Here's an overview of our approach.

In our draft Activity Plan and Budget 2020, we talk about our plans to use cloud technology at the RIPE NCC. The idea is to look at different components of our technical infrastructure that are currently being maintained in-house and to figure out, on a case-by-case basis, whether it would make sense to move them to the cloud.

Why and How

The main reason for making the move is that it would make our existing technical setup more agile. Making more use of cloud-based solutions would make us less reliant on hardware alternatives, and so would allow us to reduce existing commitments to maintaining connectivity and providing adequate storage space. That’s the general benefit.

More concretely, we need to weigh up the benefits of applying cloud solutions for each area in which such solutions could, in principle, be applied. With that in mind, our plan is to run a number of individual projects, each aimed at assessing what might be gained from making the move for a specific part of our technical infrastructure. The main areas we’re looking at are as follows:

  • Storage and processing infrastructure for measurement data collected via our Routing Information Service (RIS), RIPE Atlas and the RIPEstat Data API 
  • Some of our data back-up systems
  • Some of our administrative systems

Proceeding with Caution

For now, a lot of the work we’re doing is still investigative in nature. Although we have a pretty good idea of those areas in which cloud solutions could be applied, we still have to ask in each case whether they should be applied. In some cases, even if it’s possible to make the move to the cloud, there will still be good reasons not to do so.

For example, special consideration will be given to cases involving essential services - i.e. services that network operators rely on for providing information, including (but not limited to) whois, rDNS and RPKI. Given the importance of these services, even if we make the move, we will be relying on the cloud as a secondary solution only, and will ensure that the services are kept fully operational and accessible in-house as with the existing setup.  

We will also avoid making the move if there's any risk of confidential and personal data being exposed in the transition. One of our priorities will be to ensure that, for any cloud provider we end up working with, such data is protected, and that we remain compliant with all applicable data protection regulations. 

Next Steps

For each project, we will begin with an exploratory phase. During this phase, we will not migrate anything, but will run part of the service in the cloud in parallel to our in-house infrastructure. Before any migration takes place, we will consider:

  • The technical feasibility and challenges for delivering the results
  • Operational and Maintenance considerations
  • Jurisdiction, privacy regulation and other legal considerations
  • Information Security considerations
  • The financial Impact of migration both in terms of investments and operational costs

After reviewing these for each project, we will then be able to make a decision on whether to migrate an operational service to the cloud, or use the cloud as a parallel solution, or not to use it at all. As always, as we start rolling out these initial projects, we will make sure that the community remains informed about their scope and their progress.


If you have questions or comments about any of the plans outlined here, we want to hear from you. Please leave your comments below or contact us directly.

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About the author

Kaveh Ranjbar Based in Amsterdam

As Chief Information Officer at the RIPE NCC, I am mainly involved with the planning, operation and development of the RIPE NCC's global information services as well as research and development. This includes the RIPE NCC's authoritative DNS services as well as K-root infrastructure, data collection and measurement networks such as RIPE Atlas and RIS, data provisioning systems such as RIPEstat, and the RIPE NCC's data analysis efforts. I have been with the RIPE NCC since 2008 working in different capacities. Before the RIPE NCC, I worked for more than 12 years in the Internet services and ISP sectors, mostly in senior technical management positions. I was the engineering founder of one of the largest Iranian ISPs and helped several IT startups with their software and business process implementations. I have a M.Sc. in Software Engineering from the University of Oxford, UK and Lean Engineering/Agile Management training at MIT.

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