Vesna Manojlovic

Results of the Pan-European Quantum Internet Hackathon

Vesna Manojlovic
Contributors: Ulka Athale
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In November 2019, we organised the first ever multi-location Quantum Internet hackathon.


The distributed Pan-European Quantum Internet (PEQI) event took place simultaneously in six different cities (nodes) across Europe on 5-6 November 2019:

  • The Netherlands: TU Delft (supported by the Quantum Internet Alliance)
  • Ireland: Trinity College Dublin (more information on the local PEQI page from Dublin)
  • Switzerland: CERN Geneva (more information on the PEQI page from Geneva)
  • Italy: University of Padua
  • France: CNRS (more information on the PEQI pages from Paris)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina: University of Sarajevo (more information on the local PEQI pages from Sarajevo)

A big "thank you" to all organisers, supporters and participants for all of the hard work and good vibes.

All the participating and supporting organisations.


This is the eleventh hackathon that the RIPE NCC has put together, and this time we took on the added challenge of organising six events at the same time. But why did we do this?

There was a lot of interest from organisations who wanted to participate and host the event. And to stay true to the spirit of quantum entanglement, we wanted to involve as many organisations and locations as possible. This also meant that we would minimise travel costs for participants and therefore increase participation.

The technical challenge of connecting all nodes to the same infrastructure was interesting. The team from TU Delft / QuTech provided the solution and published instructions on how to interconnect, and how to install the simulated Quantum Network (SimulaQron)

We also wanted everyone to feel as if they were participating to one big event, even though they were not sharing the same physical space. For that purpose, we set-up a video-link between all of the nodes: Eurovision style.

Figure 2: Our events screen showing the six nodes and the RIPE NCC office (source Twitter)

Content challenges evolved over time. We started with one generic idea generated by QuTech: to implement networking applications that support and use a quantum key distribution (QKD) protocol. Later on, other nodes suggested their own challenges and participants started to exchange ideas even before the event started. Their work is available on GitHub


Since the Quantum Internet is still really new, most practical results were obtained by sharing existing software and protocols and receiving feedback on how to improve them. Actual bug fixes, additional features and new software were also valuable outcomes of the event. All the links to the produced software were collected on the PEQI2019 pages on GitHub.

However, the most precious results were intangible: the connections that were forged between the 100+ participants. They worked together on cutting-edge technology, cooperated with other brilliant people, both in their own locations and across nodes, and contributed their enthusiasm and energy towards the future of the Quantum Internet.

Final Presentations

At the end of the second day, all nodes presented their final results.


The winning team worked on the B92 QKD Protocol. All participants were undergraduate or masters' students. They would like to take this positive experience forward by continuing to work on what they have learned. Invitations were exchanged for visits, and everyone is looking forward to more cooperation in the future.


Introducing the Team Leprechaun International! The team came from different backgrounds and learned a lot over the course of two days. Since the team was small, they were happy to have the possibility to collaborate with other teams across Europe. They worked on the "quantum coin" project.


The group at Padua worked on three different projects, and presented one in detail, while playing the music too :). Their project was called Quantum Hero (inspired by Guitar Hero), a rhythm game developed using a quantum channel generated by Simulaqron. Two players, Alice and Bob, can play together. An entangled note (state) is generated by the server and sent to the two players. Alice measures one note collapsing the state. At this point, Bob knows the measurement made by Alice and does the same. Both players must keep to the rhythm of the music and make measurements in order to violate the Bell's inequality. If they manage to break it, they win.


There were four teams, with more software engineers than physicists:


There were two teams working closely together:

  • On the technical side, they encrypted all traffic to create a Quantum VPN, similar to implementing QKD on OpenSSL.
  • On the application side, they looked into using a secure channel to transfer personal data and its impact on business dynamics.


  • The Quantum Winter Team tried to create secure financial transactions by using quantum technologies as quantum gates (Hadamart, CNOT), quantum protocol (BB-84), quantum properties (entanglement, superposition), and also by using building block techniques (SWAP test, quantum one way function). Their final project was the "Quantum-Cheque Protocol". This project is available on the Quantum Protocol Zoo repository.
  • Star Expanders managed to share entanglement all over the network (entanglement routing). It deals with distributing graph states over arbitrary quantum networks using Simulaqron.
  • The Magic Team tried to implement the magic square game.
  • qnoobs worked on a simple implementation of GHZ-based Quantum Anonymous Transmission. The challenge was for the two participants to share the quantum state without the others knowing. This technology could be used in healthcare where anonymous transmission of sensitive medical data is needed.

Every node shared some of their experiences via different media (GitHub, video, blog posts):


Cooperation between the RIPE Community and the Quantum Internet Alliance is already two years old:

And there are already some ideas for 2020:

  • Either a Pan-Galactic Hackathon that would include nodes across the world.
  • Or #EuroQuantum (like EuroVision).
  • Or a #QuantumCaravan: a series of subsequent events where projects build up from one hop to the next.

Please let us know if you are interested in joining these efforts! We have a mailing list for organisers: 

To stay up-to-date, keep an eye on the hackathon pages on RIPE Labs.


Team Photos

Below you can see the proud PEQI teams in all six locations.

The PEQI Team Delft


The PEQI Team Dublin


The PEQI Team Geneva


The PEQI Team Padua

The PEQI Team Paris


The PEQI Team Sarajevo  


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About the author

Vesna Manojlovic is Community Builder at RIPE NCC. Vesna joined the RIPE NCC as a Trainer in 1999. In 2003, she took responsibility for developing and delivering advanced courses, such as RPSL, Routing Registry, DNSSEC and IPv6. In 2008, she lead efforts to establish IPv6 RIPEness as a measure of IPv6 deployment among LIRs. In 2011, she joined the Science Division as Manager of the Measurements Community Building team; in 2015 she moved to Communications Department as Senior Community Builder, with a focus on organising hackathons. Vesna gives presentations at many technical conferences and workshops, and enjoys visiting hackerspaces. Vesna received a Batchelor of Sciences Degree in Computer Science and Informatics from the School of Electrical Engineering, University of Belgrade. She has three children.

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